Novel Vanillin-based hybrids inhibit quorum sensing and silences phenotypical expressions in Pseudomonas aeruginosa


In this study, we report the chemical synthesis, computational analysis, and anti-virulent studies of five Vanillin-based hybrids employing phytochemicals. Therefore, with the aim to further enhance the potency of Vanillin, it was chemically conjugated via a triazole (T) linker with five phytochemicals- Zingerone (Z), Eugenol (E), Guaiacol (G), Cinnamaldehyde (C), and Ferulic acid (F) to form the hybrids named as VTZ (1), VTE (2), VTG (3), VTC (4), and VTF (5), respectively. Molecular docking studies revealed the strong binding affinity of the designed hybrids with quorum-sensing receptors (LasR, Rh1R, and PqsR). The synthesized hybrids were also evaluated for anti-quorum sensing activities to examine the efficacy against P. aeruginosa bacterial strains PAO1. The hybrids VTE (2), VTG (3), and VTC (4) displayed improved anti-quorum activity relative to Vanillin. Furthermore, the attenuation of virulence factors of P. aeruginosa (Las-A protease, Las-B elastase, pyocyanin pigmentation, and motility) in the presence of VTE (2), VTG (3), and VTC (4) further authenticated the anti-virulent activity of the hybrids.

Vasundhara Singh
Collaborations Department of Microbiology, Panjab University, Chandigarh
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