Investigations of effect of hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-based polyurethane binders containing various curatives on thermal decomposition behaviour and kinetics of energetic composites


An energetic composite of an octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine with a polymer matrix is generally developed to reduce sensitivity, improve mechanical strength and furnish engineering shape. A hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and various curatives, namely methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and trimethyl-hexamethylene diisocyanate (TMDI), were mixed in 1:1 [NCO]/[OH] equivalent ratio to form polyurethane, and these samples were designated by HTPB/MDI, HTPB/IPDI, HTPB/TDI and HTPB/TMDI, respectively. The four kinds of energetic composites were prepared by mixing of an energetic HMX with various HTPB/MDI, HTPB/IPDI, HTPB/TDI and HTPB/TMDI matrices. The overall values of the activation energy of the HMX/HTPB/MDI, HMX/HTPB/IPDI, HMX/HTPB/TDI and HMX/HTPB/TMDI samples were varied in a range of 168–263, 277–409, 210–421 and 206–324 kJ mol−1 at a constant value of conversion (α = 0.1–0.9), respectively.

Vasundhara Singh
Collaborations DRDO-TBRL
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